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WADA publishes 2022 Code Compliance Annual Report - 27 June 2023


WADA publishes 2022 Code Compliance Annual Report

Montreal, 27 June 2023
Today, the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) publishes its 2022 Code Compliance Annual Report (Report).

One of WADA’s primary roles as the global regulatory body for anti-doping in sport is to monitor effective implementation of the World Anti-Doping Code (Code) and its related International Standards (Standards) by more than 350 Anti-Doping Organizations, including National Anti-Doping Organizations, International Federations and Major Event Organizations.

In particular, the purpose of the Report is to:
  • Clearly outline the achievements and challenges of WADA’s Code Compliance Monitoring Program, measuring objectives against key performance indicators through quantitative and qualitative analysis;
  • Detail the interpretation and implications of the findings, trends and lessons learned over time for Code Signatory Organizations, enhancing their compliance maturity as defined in the Compliance Strategy; and
  • Identify opportunities for continual improvement, forming the foundation for the following year’s Compliance Annual Plan. This cycle is repeated annually as WADA seeks to develop compliance maturity through improvement of its own compliance activities and the global anti-doping system.
Commenting on the 2022 Code Compliance Annual Report, WADA’s Director of Compliance, Rules and Standards, Kevin Haynes, said: In 2022, we saw some encouraging improvements in World Anti-Doping Code Signatories’ anti-doping programs following the assessment of the second edition of the Code Compliance Questionnaire (CCQ). Signatories that received a CCQ in 2017 and 2022 had a 22% reduction in non-conformities. We believe this is due to Signatories becoming more familiar with WADA’s Compliance Monitoring Program and thanks to the work done through the Code Implementation Support Program. We also witnessed an increase in countries introducing national legislation, which in some cases has led to an increase in non-compliance cases and is something we will monitor closely moving forward. 

“Within WADA, we have also increased our data analytics capabilities and are already seeing the benefits as we move towards more real-time monitoring of Code Signatories’ anti-doping programs. We also created a Risk Management framework for the Compliance impact area, which enables us to anticipate and assess risk in a more proactive manner as we seek to continually improve our processes.

“In noting the improvements identified in the Report, we would like to acknowledge that Code Signatories have made continued efforts in maintaining Code compliant programs. I would also like to commend the independent Compliance Review Committee for its insight and suggestions in identifying trends and best practices when it comes to reporting on WADA’s compliance activities.”

Some of the key findings of the Report include:
  • The 2022 CCQ was WADA’s primary compliance activity. Some significant improvements and progress were identified when comparisons are made for the same Code Signatories from their 2017 CCQ. This is even more notable in light of their being more requirements placed on Signatories in 2022. 
  • WADA continued to support Code Signatories in amending their anti-doping rules and/or legislation even though there was no requirement to do so as all Signatories, by early 2022, had compliant rules and/or legislation. WADA received and reviewed 286 sets of rules and legislation, which represents a 40% increase when compared to a similar year e.g. 2019.  
  • Although compliance procedures reduced in comparison to 2021 (which was a unique year due to the backlog of cases resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic with 52 procedures opened) they remained high at 39. A high number of compliance procedures suggests that compliance maturity is still being established in the system.
  • Testing continued to generate the most non-conformities in 2022. The availability of verifiable data through WADA’s Anti-Doping Administration Management System (ADAMS) reports and monitoring tools contributes to the high number of non-conformities.
  • Education generated the second highest number of non-conformities, replacing results management, following the first global assessment of the implementation of the new International Standard for Education introduced in January 2021.
  • Resources within WADA and Code Signatories were an ongoing challenge in 2022. Within WADA, adjustments have been made to the roll out of CCQs to Code Signatories to ensure WADA’s review and feedback can be provided in a timely manner to enable Signatories to implement their corrective actions. 24% of Tier 1 and Tier 2 Signatories completing the CCQ have either self-reported a lack of resources or it was identified through the assessment of their programs that insufficient resources were in place to meet the requirements of the 2021 Code.
To read more about key findings and how WADA is addressing them, please read the 2022 Code Compliance Annual Report.

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Formed in 1999, the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) is an international independent agency composed and funded by the Sport Movement and Governments of the world. As the global regulatory body, WADA’s primary role is to develop, harmonize and coordinate anti-doping rules and policies across all sports and countries. Our key activities include: ensuring and monitoring effective implementation of the World Anti-Doping Code and its related International Standards; scientific and social science research; education; intelligence and investigations; and, building anti-doping capacity with anti-doping organizations worldwide.